Xanax, formally know as alprazolam, is a short-acting benzodiazepine, that is used to treat anxiety disorders including panic disorder. It is also used to help wean individuals from alcohol dependence in order to avoid alcohol withdrawal, which can lead to seizures. Benzodiazepines are also known for their strong addiction potential and have resulted in approximately 8,000 overdose deaths in 2015 in the United States. Their withdrawals alone can result in seizures and even death and therefore individuals taking benzodiazepines usually need to be slowly weaned in order to prevent deadly withdrawals. Benzodiazepines work on the same receptors in the brain as alcohol. These are known as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. Enhanced GABA activity results in sedation, muscle relaxation, anxiolytic effects and anticonvulsant effects and therefore this class of medication is necessary to treat certain disorder however it has a very strong addiction potential and when abused can cause severe damage. As adults, it’s easy to forget the emotional and psychological turmoil that teenagers experience. The teen years are filled with insecurity, anxiety and a sense of pressure to conform to the social expectations of their peers. This is one reason why many teens experiment with drugs, to either “fit in” or dull the constant anxiety associated with these years. Experiments, however, very often lead down the darker road of addiction. Xanax is an anti-anxiety drug that often goes by the names “Xanax Bars,” “z-bars,” “bars,” “planks,” “zanies,” or “blue footballs” because of the shape of the pill. It has evolved into a dangerous party drug for some high school and college aged kids and is often misused which can lead to Xanax addiction. For years, this medication has been over prescribed, making it easily accessible in medicine cabinets across the country.
Prescription drug addiction is considered a nationwide epidemic by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and benzodiazepines — the class of drugs that Xanax belongs to — are among the most widely abused. Benzodiazepines boost the efficiency of a chemical called gamma-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, which can cause nerve cells in the brain to be less excitable. In general, Xanax has a calming or tranquilizing effect. While Xanax may be a good medical tool when prescribed and used properly, it can have an array of side effects, some of which may be unpleasant. Aside from a decrease in anxiety or excitement, its immediate effects may include: According to the National Institutes of Health, more severe, although rare, side effects can also include confusion, shortness of breath, hallucinations, speech or memory problems, depression, or other mood changes. Some of these same symptoms may also present in the case of an overdose, which may make an overdose difficult to recognize. But since overdosing on Xanax can be lethal, it’s important to pay close attention to the signs. The effects of Xanax abuse go far beyond the symptoms the drug creates. The real effects of Xanax abuse are seen in what it does to an addict’s life, mind and relationships. Since Xanax—including its generic form, alprazolam—is the most widely prescribed of the benzodiazepines, it is also the most widely abused of these drugs. And there are hundreds of thousands of people who are suffering the effects of Xanax abuse. Between 20, the number of people who visited emergency rooms who were suffering from the effects of Xanax increased from 46,000 to nearly 125,000. These statistics also show how common it is to mix Xanax abuse with the use of other drugs. The Drug Awareness Warning Network notes that more than 96,000 of these people had used more than one drug, usually alcohol, opiates, marijuana or cocaine.
Jan 8, 2019. Xanax, or alprazolam, is one of the most commonly used and abused drugs in America. Learn the symptoms of Xanax addiction and how to find. Mar 9, 2018. Physical signs of Xanax abuse are perhaps the most telling indicator that someone is abusing the drug, because these symptoms usually only.