The tables below list all the names of the psychiatric drugs currently available in the UK, and direct you to more detailed information about each drug. (Some drugs may be called by several different names, which is why they may appear in the table more than once. See our page about drug names for more information). Cirrhosis is defined as the presence of large amounts of scar tissue in the liver due to many years of liver inflammation and injury, according to the Mayo Clinic. Any liver disease in which scarring remains persistent, continuing for years, may eventually lead to liver cirrhosis. The American Liver Foundation says liver cirrhosis is an irreversible, life-threatening disease. Contributors to the development of liver cirrhosis include hepatitis, alcohol and bile duct obstruction. Hepatitis C is a viral disease that causes swelling of the liver. Approximately 20 percent to 25 percent of people suffering from hepatitis C develop liver cirrhosis, according to HVC Advocate. HVC Advocate says those who consume large amounts of alcohol regularly are more likely to develop cirrhosis.
Below are the names of a range of different sleeping pills. Listed for each sleeping pill are the commonly used brand names, the half-life (how long it takes for your body to remove half of the medication) and the commonly used dosages. The information in the tables was collated from a variety of sources. I am not medically trained and cannot validate their accuracy. Benzodiazepines first became available as a sleeping aid in the early 70s. They gradually improved over the next 10 years and have been used ever since. These were dangerously addictive drugs with a variety of unpleasant side effects. They could easily cause death when taken with alcohol. (marketed under the brand names Dalmane and Dalmadorm) is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. It produces a metabolite with a long half-life, which may stay in the bloodstream for days. That is the reason why users experience a "hangover" effect the day after it was used. Flurazepam was initially patented in 1963 and went on sale in the United States in 1970. Flurazepam, developed by Roche Pharmaceuticals was one of the first benzo hypnotics (sleeping pills) to be marketed. Flurazepam is officially indicated for mild to moderate insomnia and as such it is used for short-term treatment of patients with mild to moderate insomnia such as difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakening, early awakenings or a combination of each.
Evidencia de riesgo para el feto, aunque el beneficio potencial de su uso en embarazadas puede ser aceptable a pesar del riesgo probable solo en algunas situaciones. El alprazolam es un fármaco que pertenece a la familia de las benzodiazepinas y se utiliza para el tratamiento de los estados de ansiedad, especialmente en las crisis de angustia, agorafobia, ataques de pánico y estrés intenso. Se vende con nombre genérico y diferentes nombres comerciales, entre ellos Trankimazin, Tranquinal y Xanax. Tiene un efecto hipnótico (favorecedor del sueño a corto plazo) y actúa disminuyendo la excitación del cerebro. Aunque inicialmente se le atribuyeron propiedades antidepresivas, los estudios que lo indicaban eran heterogéneos y de baja calidad, por lo que no está indicado para tratar la depresión. Sin embargo, sí puede ser eficaz para el tratamiento de la ansiedad que se asocia a los procesos depresivos. El alprazolam tiene propiedades sedantes, hipnóticas y anticonvulsivas, pero el efecto más notable es el ansiolítico. Sin embargo, debido a su potencial adictivo y el desarrollo de tolerancia tras un período relativamente breve, de pocas semanas, se recomienda su administración solo en tratamientos de corta duración. Immediate-release: Decrease initial dose to 0.25 mg PO q8-12hr; may gradually increase if necessary and as tolerated; may increase every 3-4 days by ≤1 mg/day to 5-6 mg/day average dose Extended-release: Start at 0.5 mg PO q Day; may gradually increase if necessary and as tolerated; may increase q3-4Days by ≤1 mg/day to 3-6 mg/day Use smallest effective dose to avoid ataxia and oversedation Elderly especially sensitive to benzodiazepine effects; higher plasma levels exhibited because of reduced clearance Mean half-life: 16.3 hours in healthy elderly individuals (range: 9-26.9 hr), compared with 11 hours in healthy adults (range: 6.3-15.8 hr) Drowsiness (77%) Impaired coordination (40-50%) Increased appetite (30-35%) Fatigue (30-35%) Memory impairment (30-35%) Irritability (30-35%) Decreased salivation (30-35%) Cognitive disorders (20-30%) Insomnia (20-30%) Dcreased appetite (20-30%) Headache (20-30%) Lightheadedness (20-30%) Dysarthria (20-30%) Diarrhea, constipation, and nausea/vomiting (20-30%) Weight change (20-30%) Nasal congestion (15-20%) Decreased or increased libido (10-15%) Menstrual disorder (10-15%) Difficult micturition (10-15%) Tachycardia (5-10%) Confusion (5-10%) Insomnia (5-10%) Nausea/vomiting (5-10%) Blurred vision (5-10%) Nasal congestion (5-10%) Hypotension (1-5%) Syncope (1-5%) Akathisia (1-5%) Dizziness (1-5%) Increased salivation (1-5%) Nervousness (1-5%) Tremor (1-5%) Weight change (1-5%) Gastrointestinal: Liver enzyme elevations, hepatitis, hepatic failure CNS: Hypomania, mania Immunologic: Stevens-Johnson syndrome, angioedema, peripheral edema Endocrine: Hyperprolactinemia, gynecomastia, galactorrhea Concomitant use of benzodiazepines and opioids may result in profound respiratory depression, coma, and death; administer concomitantly when there are no alternative options; limit dosages and durations to minimum required; monitor for signs and symptoms of respiratory depression and sedation 10 days) Do not stop treatment abruptly; slowly taper to discontinuation (0.5 mg q3Days) Use caution in elderly patients Use caution in debilitated patients Use caution in severe respiratory depression Use caution in patients who recently received other respiratory depressants Use caution in patients who are at risk of falls May have prolonged effects in obese patients when discontinued; use caution Not for us in acute alcohol intoxication Use with caution in patients with hepatic or renal impairment Myasthenia gravis (allowable in limited circumstances) Use caution in cases of respiratory disease (COPD), sleep apnea, renal/hepatic disease, open-angle glaucoma (questionable), depression, suicide ideation, drug abuse CNS depressant; may impair ability to perform hazardous tasks Paradoxical reactions, including hyperactive or aggressive behavior reported Cigarette smoking may decrease alprazolam concentration up to 50% Mania and hypomania episodes reported in depressed patients Pregnancy category: D Lactation: Enters breast milk/not recommended Minor tranquilizers should be avoided in first trimester of pregnancy due to increased risk of congenital malformations Maternal use shortly before delivery is associated with floppy infant syndrome (good and consistent evidence) Prenatal benzodiazepine exposure slightly increases oral cleft risk (limited or inconsistent evidence) Binds receptors at several sites within the CNS, including the limbic system and reticular formation; effects may be mediated through GABA receptor system; increase in neuronal membrane permeability to chloride ions enhances the inhibitory effects of GABA; the shift in chloride ions causes hyperpolarization (less excitability) and stabilization of the neuronal membrane The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.
Jul 25, 2017. Valium and Xanax are both brand-name versions of different generic drugs. Valium is a brand name for the drug diazepam, and Xanax is a. Your gallbladder is a small, almost pear-shaped organ located near your liver, stomach and pancreas. It stores bile, which is used to help break down foods -- particularly fats -- during the digestion process.