Azithromycin belongs to the family of medications known as macrolide antibiotics. It is used to treat certain types of infections that are caused by bacteria. It is most commonly used to treat ear infections (e.g., otitis media), throat infections, lung infections (e.g., pneumonia), certain sexually transmitted infections, and skin infections. It can also be used to prevent mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections in people with HIV infection and to treat flare-ups of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) caused by bacteria. Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than the ones listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why Zithromax has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason. Zithromax is only available with a doctor’s prescription. This medicine is not expected to affect your ability to drive a car or operate machinery. Zithromax is an antibiotic, which belongs to a group of medicines called azalides. The azalides are a sub-class of a group of antibiotics called macrolides. Zithromax works by killing or stopping the growth of bacteria causing your infection. Zithromax will not work against viral infections such as colds or flu.
Azithromycin has relatively broad but shallow antibacterial activity. It inhibits some Gram-positive bacteria, some Gram-negative bacteria, and many atypical bacteria. A strain of gonorrhea reported to be highly resistant to azithromycin was found in the population in 2015. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is normally susceptible to azithromycin, Safety of the medication during breastfeeding is unclear. It has been reported that because only low levels are found in breastmilk and the medication has also been used in young children, it is unlikely that breastfed infants would suffer adverse effects. Most common adverse effects are diarrhea (5%), nausea (3%), abdominal pain (3%), and vomiting. Fewer than 1% of people stop taking the drug due to side effects. Azithromycin tablets can be applied for the treatment of the following infections, when caused by microorganisms sensitive to azithromycin (see sections 4.4 and 5.1): - acute bacterial sinusitis (adequately diagnosed) - acute bacterial otitis media (adequately diagnosed) - pharyngitis, tonsillitis - acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (adequately diagnosed) - mild to moderately severe community acquired pneumonia - skin and soft tissue infections - uncomplicated Chlamydia trachomatis urethritis and cervicitis Considerations should be given to official guidance on the appropriate use of antibacterial agents. Adults In uncomplicated Chlamydia trachomatis urethritis and cervicitis the dose is 1000 mg as a single oral dose. For all other indications the dose is 1500 mg, to be administered as 500 mg per day for three consecutive days. As an alternative the same total dose (1500 mg) can also be administered over a period of five days with 500 mg on the first day and 250 mg on the second to the fifth day. Elderly people The same dose as in adult patients is used for elderly people. Since older people can be patients with ongoing proarrhythmic conditions a particular caution is recommended due to the risk of developing cardiac arrhythmia and torsades de pointes (see section 4.4). Paediatric population Azithromycin tablets should only be administered to children weighing more than 45 kg when normal adult dose should be used.
Zithromax azithromycin is an antibiotic used to treat infections in different parts of the body caused by bacteria such as Chlamydia. Jan 14, 2015. Azithromycin Zithromax is used for treating a variety of bacterial infections, such as cat-scratch disease, ear infections and throat or tonsil.